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Black ash mortar for repointing a 1930s property

Renovating a 1930s terraced property in the UK has been a big gamble. One of a long list of jobs was to lay paving to the front of the property. Whilst preparing it became obvious that new pointing was required below the damp proof course.

Black ash mortar was used in the construction of 1930s properties in the UK. Crumbling black mortar can be seen in the mortar joints to the front of the property.

How can you tell if you have black ash mortar?

It’s black and softer than cement mortars. Modern bricks are likely fired at higher temperatures making them harder allowing harder mortars to be used in modern buildings. Whereas older properties benefit from less dense and more flexible mortars. If Black Ash mortar is disturbed by using an angle grinder or mechanical action like scraping and gets in the air is smells and tastes like ash.

Due to the colour and chemical composition black ash mortar is not compatible with cement based mortars. Cement mortars will not look very good and weather more quickly.

black ash mortar
Black ash mortar

A throw back to the United Kingdom’s industrial past from Victorian times to the late 1920’s and early 1930’s black ask was taken from collieries and added to mortar. Utilising a by product of industry by using it in construction solved a problem and was cost efficient. A good solution to the problem of getting cheap building materials when the country didn’t have a supply chain of commercial cement available. Furnace ash was commonly used in black ash mortar and ash lime mortars.

Portland cement was being developed at the same time but wide spread commercial use had not been initiated, probably due to the high barriers to entry for manufacturers, and was only used in ad hoc projects. One of the first uses of Portland cement was Eddystone Lighthouse. John Smeaton, the engineer, experimented with traditional methods of creating mortar.

Without sending a sample of my house mortar for testing it’s difficult to know if it is a cement, sand, black ash mortar or a lime, sand, and black ash mortar mix. Based on reports of other 1930’s properties I suspect it’s a lime, black ash and sand mix.

Black ash mortars have attracted some criticism because the ash used often produces weak sulfuric acid. Speeding up the corrosion of ferrous metals often used as wall ties for cavity walls.

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Profit accumulator review

Profit accumulator is a service that gives punters a step by step guide to making risk free money from bookmakers. Each bet is kept relatively small and the initial starting money required is minimal.  Alternative betting systems like sports arbitrage betting often require a substantial investment to start.  This is not the way profit accumulator works.  Using technical speak the system uses bookmaker Betfair arbitrage, sometimes called bonus bagging, to produce a risk free income.

Only a small amount of money can be turned into thousands of pounds using profit accumulator following a simple process.  We have reviewed the profit accumulator service to help our readers decide if it is a service they would like to use to make a second income to pay for life’s luxuries, a holiday, a new car, or to pay for university.  I made over £950 profit with this service, in the time spent reviewing it.  All that’s required is a small initial investment to secure the first bonus, make a combined bet, and pay for the service to start accumulating bonuses and winnings.  That’s how the profits accumulate.

This process of getting bonuses is something we have promoted at Let’s Compare Bets, and there are step by step instructions in our free ebook.  Something we do not do for our readers is check the bonus terms and conditions, or find the best events and matches to bet on.  Profit accumulator is useful because it does all the hard work for us. Saving time by getting the bookmaker and casino promotions, checking the terms and presenting instructions in an easy to use way.

Before I continue with the review I should mention that the service is not available to US citisens, only those living in the UK, Ireland and some European countries can benefit.  Sorry guys.

What I liked about the service was that it explains the process of matched betting in full making it easy to understand for the layman. The instructional videos where very useful. Betfair is the best way to do matched betting. An account with Betfair is essential. This link will open a separate page where you can sign up to Betfair. It’s free.

The profit accumulator service gives users the exact bets to place and how much to bet to guarantee risk free profits.  As far as the bookmakers are concerned this is totally under the radar. In other words it is legitimate.  Bets with the bookmaker can win or loose it doesn’t matter.  Betting account activity looks totally normal avoiding any account closures, which is something that arbitrage traders dread.  This system is also completely legal.

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Who will Wigan beat next? Fulham Vs Wigan Athletic preview.

First it was Man United, next, Arsenal, who will Wigan beat next? Roberto Martinez’s team are barnstorming their way out of the relegation zone. Is it because Wigan where a well organised team playing against a lackadaisical Arsenal, or because the top teams let their guard drop playing against teams who aren’t snipping at the heals?

Franco Di Santo scored wigan’s first goal very early on, before the game had a chance to get settled. Arsenal didn’t even get a chance to drop their guard….

Quote from Roberto Martinez,”However, we can’t really enjoy it because moments like this will mean nothing if we don’t get enough points to stay up.”  Sounds like the manager wants Wigan to continue playing at top form.

Wigan will beat Fulahm next, IMHO. It’s goes against what the stats suggest.  There’s one thing the stats can’t tell us and that’s what effect momentum has.  Wigan are playing well and this positive form could lead them to victory against Fulham.

Fulham play Wigan on Saturday 21st April 2012 at 3pm GMT.

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